Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is the major statute prohibiting sex discrimination in education. It states:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits or, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.
Federal regulations for Title IX were issued in 1975 and prohibit discrimination in:
- housing and facilities
- access to courses and other educational activities
- career guidance and counseling services
- student financial aid
- student health and insurance benefits
- scholastic intercollegiate, club, or intramural athletics
- physical education
- based on marital or parental status pregnancy
- Since 1975 it has been determined that Title IX applies to education employees, as well as to students, and that sexual harassment is also covered by Title IX as a form of sex discrimination.
Military schools, religious schools, and other non-public schools are generally exempt from the provisions of Title IX, unless they receive federal funding.
Each State Department of Education and local school system is required to have a Title IX designee to coordinate the implementation of Title IX. The Maryland State Department of Education Title IX Coordinator is:
Agency Equity Officer
Equity Assurance and Compliance Office
TITLE IX REGULATIONS
& Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
The U. S. Department of Education issued regulations related to the implementation of Title IX in 1975. The Regulations were updated in 2006.
TITLE IX LOCAL SCHOOL SYSTEM COORDINATORS
Every local school system is required to have a Title IX designee to coordinate the implementation of Title IX. Information related to the Maryland local school system coordinators is provided below.
TITLE IX AND SINGLE SEX PROGRAMS
In 2006, new Title IX regulations for the establishment of single sex programs in schools were adopted by the U. S. Department of Education. Many factors and legal requirements must be addressed if schools are considering the development of single-sex options.
The link below is to the latest U. S. Department of Education’s Title IX single sex regulations. The regulations related to single sex programs are in Section 106.34,
Access to Classes and Schools.
The link below is to a letter from the U. S. Department of Education’s Assistant Secretary in the Office for Civil Rights about single-sex programs and Title IX.
Research And Background Information
Visit the links below for additional information
Executive Summary: Single Sex and Coeducational Schooling: A Systematic Review ( U. S. Department of Education ) 2005
National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education Website
– link to Issues/Single Sex http://www.ncwge.org
Guidelines on Current Title IX Requirements Related to Single-Sex Classes and Schools
The following links provide information about Title IX and sexual harassment, including guidelines and resources from the U. S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights.
Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance
Sexual Harassment Resources
The United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights publishes:
TITLE IX OVERVIEW POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
This power point presentation, which gives a generic overview of Title IX, was provided by AGELE, the Association for Gender Equity Leadership in Education.
TITLE IX ONLINE RESOURCES
This provides links to organizations that provide information and materials about all aspects of Title IX.