Disproportionate Discipline

National Directors of Student Services Presentation Documents

Addressing Disproportionate Discipline in Maryland

Root Cause Analysis Template

Disproportionate rates of suspensions and expulsions among racial/ethnic groups are a local, state, and national concern.  Maryland has cut the use of exclusionary discipline practices by half in the last decade, from 8.7 to 4.3 percent since the 2005-2006 school year.  However, when Maryland discipline data is disaggregated by student group, it becomes apparent that the experience of individual student groups varies widely.

According to 2015-16 data, 8.1 percent of African-American students and 9.9 percent of students with disabilities in Maryland received an out of school suspension or expulsion, compared to 2.3 percent of white students and 3.6 percent of students without disabilities.  Maryland data aligns with national school discipline data released by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights in the School Climate and Safety Report. National data shows that about 2.7 million (between 5 and 6 percent) of all K-12 students received one or more out of school suspensions during the 2015-16 school year. Black male students represented 8 percent of enrolled students and accounted for 25 percent of students who received an out-of-school suspension.

Silent Beats


Contact Information

Kimberly A.  Buckheit, M.Ed.
Specialist, School Completion and Alternative Programs
Maryland State Department of Education
Division of Student Support, Academic Enrichment, and Educational Policy
200 W. Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-2595
410-767-4420 office
410-333-0880 fax