Maryland ESSER Transparency

Maryland received more than $3.2 billion in Coronavirus Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Fund dollars. Those resources were spread across the three, emergency federal pandemic recovery pieces of legislation:

  • Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES) - ESSER I

    • $422.9 million

  • Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act (CRRSA) - ESSER II

    • $789.9 million

  • American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act - ESSER III

    • $2.07 billion

ARP Local Maintenance of Equity

Maryland LEA ESSER Funding as a Portion of all K–12 State Aid

Maryland received more than $3 billion in ESSER funding for Maryland's schools. $3 billion constitutes a substantial, one-time infusion of federal funds into Maryland schools. However, those funds are spread across five school/fiscal years and are intended to serve the State's more than 860,000 children each year. In total, the aggregate amount of funding comes to less than $500, per-pupil for each tranche of Federal funding over the course of the funding term. What does that look like compared to the State Share of State Aid Maryland provides each year? In FY 2023, Maryland will provide, on average, $8,027, per-pupil in the State Share of State Aid to Maryland school districts, substantially more than the average ESSER per-pupil. The proportion of LEA ESSER funds relative to State Aid is even smaller when counting the additional, local half of State Aid.


The Pace of ESSER Spending

As of June 2022, Maryland LEAs are spending at the pace MSDE would expect given the order of the fund obligation and liquidation deadlines and the length of the grant performance period. “Districts are not spending fast enough” is not a trend observed in Maryland LEAs. 


The appropriate spending pattern MSDE would expect as of June 2022 would be to see the majority of ESSER I funding reported as spent, some spending of total ESSER II funds, and little spending of ESSER III funds, given the timelines associated with obligating those grants (ESSER I, September 30, 2022; ESSER II, September 30, 2023; and ESSER II, September 30, 2024).


LEA ESSER Spending

Initial spending, State-wide, has focused on non-personnel costs related to PPE, planned HVAC investments, and hotspots/laptops. The largest personnel costs are stipends and extra pay for teachers who are providing tutoring interventions, extended day/summer learning, and for janitorial and custodial salaries. LEAs also used some ESSER resources to invest in Blueprint-related work (e.g., Blueprint Coordinator salaries).

Each link below directs to a page with the respective LEA's data. These data contain the ESSER spending amounts in dollars, to date as of February 2023. This means that the data may not include all ESSER spending. These data do not include encumbered local funds - only funds that are spent (transacted) and reported to MSDE for reimbursement in the Department's AFR system.

For the best user experience, view the data on a desktop device rather than a mobile device.

​Anne Arundel
​St. Mary's
​Baltimore City
​Prince George's
Queen Anne's

Examples of Spending, by Category

The above-provided data are grouped by spending category. Common examples of spending, within the various spending categories are:

Supplies and Materials

  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Hand Sanitizer

  • Desk Shields

  • Air filters/Fans

  • Classroom materials necessary for safe social distancing


  • WiFi Hotspots

  • Laptops and mobile devices

  • IT Infrastructure

Instructional Salaries and Wages

  • Extra duty salary pay for teachers and instructional staff to cover extended day tutoring or intervention services;

  • Extra duty salary pay for professional development and virtual course design

  • Special education teacher and paraprofessional salaries and stipends

  • Mental health staff support salaries


  • Retention incentives for various staff members

  • Additional pay, akin to extra duty pay, for extended day support and academic interventions

Other Salaries

  • Salaries for janitorial and custodial staff for the extra time required with cleaning, disinfecting, and other plant operations

Contractual Services

  • Service plans for the newly acquired devices and IT infrastructure items

  • Third party tutoring or other intervention services

  • Temporary staffing costs

Capital Outlay

  • HVAC investments

  • New, touchless systems in bathroom facilities


  • Increased transportation costs include one-time incentives for drivers as well as the costs associated with providing additional bus service routes to allow for safe social distancing on district-provided transportation


Download the source data excel file (Updated January 30, 2023)

Download the source data excel file (Updated June 26, 2022)

Download the MSDE LEA ARP ESSER Monitoring Tool (Updated June 26, 2022)